After Romulus-Numa Pompilius

Numa Pompilius sculpture.



After the fabled death of mystical king figure Romulus, came a new ruler to the infant city. A man under the name of Numa Pompilius, who was part of a tribe known as the Sabines, who were native to central Italy. “Numa belonged to a conspicuous city of the Sabines called Cures,a from which the Romans, together with the incorporated Sabines, took the joint name of Quirites. He was a son of Pompon, an illustrious man, and was the youngest of four brothers.” (Plutarch, Numa Pompilius)

Numa was not even an original resident of Rome, but was from a neighboring smaller city known as Cures, . And the son in law of Tatius, who allegedly had been the Sabine co ruler during the time of Romulus. Being part of a family with notable wealth and repute, he ran un apposed for the Sabine delegation, and being closely related to a Roman ruler made him eligible for the support of the Roman people. “yet he was no sooner nominated than accepted by the Sabines, with acclamation almost greater than that of the electors themselves, (Numa Pompilius, by Plutarch) 

The prior to the electoral choice for monarch being made, the Sabine faction had argued that since Tatius had died after five years on the thrown, which subsequently lead to Sabines being ruled by a Roman for many years that it was then their turn to have one of their own be ruler of the City.

In his writing Numa Pompilius, by Plutarch, he states that the crowning of Numa played an integral part of bringing together the two peoples that until recently had been more segregated. The Sabines thought that the rest of the Roman population was too warlike, and Numa being the pious and supposedly peaceful man that he was, may be able to calm the violent desires of the rest of the cities’ population.

According to myth, Plutarch describes Numa Pompilius as being at least forty years of age before being approached with a royal offer by the cities envoys. Dwelling in the countryside as a recluse, and experiencing heightened sexual activity with a nature spirit known as Egeria. It took a good deal of convincing to persuade the pious man of the country to abandon his beautiful life to rule a city.


As time went on the various cultures that were the fabric of early Rome, began to meld together and ceased to exist as separate peoples.



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