Ancient Rome was undeniably one of the greatest and most influential civilizations to have ever existed upon this Earth. But how is it that a once tiny agrarian village could transform into a mechanized and militarily powerful multi continental empire that came to rule most of the known world?
At the root of Rome’s creation there are multiple players, Etruscans and other tribes had a great degree of influence over the fledgling creation that would become “Rome”
The popular narrative is that Rome was found by two young twin boys named Romulus and Remus who lived on the banks of the Tyber river. According to Roman spirituality these twins were the offspring of the war god mars, and a princess. This theory is predominantly regarded as mythology more than fact by historians. “From whom, and for what reason the great name of Rome, so famous among mankind, was given to that city, writers are not agreed. Some say that the Pelasgians, after wandering over most of the habitable earth and subduing most of mankind, settled down on that site, and that from their strength in war they called their city Rome.” (Plutarch Life Of Romulus.)
Raised by wolves into adulthood, these brothers fell victim to a power struggle following the creation of the village that was populated by local tribes. The question of who would lead this new state arose, Romulus ended up killing Remus and Rome, was sequentially named after him. Yet this theory is called a creation myth for a reason, it was put forward by the historian Livy but is still regarded as a myth.
It is known that the founders of Rome were from a congregation of tribes known as the Latins, who were farmers and traders who lived among the gently rolling hills of Latium. Early Rome was also partially populated by and Etruscans. The Etruscans showed the early Romans an effective means of working the land for maximum food production, in addition to the introduction of grapes and olives to be grown on a mass level.
With the growth of this new grand civilization came many jealous eyes and hateful hearts, locally ,the early Romans had many enemies among them being certain groups of Etruscans and the Samnites and the Sabines who were neighboring latin tribes. “At this the rest of the Sabines were enraged, and after appointing Tatius their general, marched upon Rome.” (Plutarch, Life Of Romulus).
Eventually all of these rival groups were squashed, and Rome had gotten it’s way. Although these rival tribes were defeated by Roman might, their cultures and populations were absorbed into what would become the empire, so in a sense they lived on, just not as a separate and independent people.
The geographical location of Rome made it easy to thrive and expand. It was located on fertile soil, and close to the sea. Having a presence as a major port in the ancient world was a great advantage both economically and militarily.